Joanne joined IMPACT in 2011 and leads our work to improve how natural resources are managed where security and human rights are at risk. Her work has focused on contributing to responsibly-sourced, conflict-free minerals and she has helped Central African governments launch and implement a regional strategy to tackle conflict minerals. Previously, Joanne was based at the University of Ottawa’s Human Rights Research and Education Centre, where she developed and supported research and policy related to gender-based sexual violence in conflict settings in Africa, and examined its intersections with the extractive industries. She was also Deputy Director at the Canadian NGO, Peacebuild, where she worked to strengthen Canadian foreign policy options and practice. Previously, she carried out anthropological fieldwork for her doctoral studies in Namibia and Angola and was a Visiting Fellow in Refugee Studies at the University of Oxford. She has lectured at Carleton University and worked for the OSCE in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, Amnesty International and CARE International-Zambia.